New Antimicrobial

Bacterial Infections & Structured Silver

Bacterial Infections (By Location)

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Germs and Bacteria

Germs and bacteria are responsible for many of the illnesses that affect humans and other living organisms the world over. “Germ,” while not a technical medical term, is a kind of catch-all phrase that refers to any number of microbial organisms — including viruses, bacteria, fungi and prions — which are pathogenic in nature.

A subset of the organisms usually classified as germs, bacteria are single-celled prokaryotic (meaning that the lack a cell nucleus) organisms present almost everywhere on Earth. Like their fellow germs, bacteria, though small, are responsible for the deaths of millions of people a year.

Viruses cause diseases including Herpes, Smallpox, Hepatitis, Influenza (commonly known as the flu), Rabies and Ebola, all of which are serious diseases, many of which are deadly. Fungi are dangerous to humans, often in those whose immune systems have already been compromised by earlier conditions, but do a great deal of damage in the plant world. Most plant illnesses are caused by fungal infections.

Pathogens, including germs and bacteria, are so prevalent that there is no way to escape them, so the best way to steer clear of their illness-inducing properties is to maintain a clean environment and take all necessary precautions to lessen exposure to the dangerous germs.

Viruses and Bacteria

Viruses are considered to be geometric, formulated structures. Viruses remain dormant until they encounter a cell. They have the capability to “invade” a cell and manipulate its structure for their own purposes. Viruses are made up of genetic material protected inside a protein structure, known as a capsid. This genetic material includes both DNA and RNA. Some common viruses include polio, rabies, herpes, and influenza.

Bacteria, on the other hand, exist in their own independent cells. They can reproduce without the help of any external body. Unlike most viruses, a great number of bacterium are valuable to life cycles. Bacteria assist in producing substances humans need to survive.

The treatments of diseases caused by viruses and bacterium vary in numerous ways. While bacteria can be destroyed with the use of antibiotic medicines, the most popular way to discourage viral infection is to utilize a vaccine.

Even though the end results of a viral or bacterial infection may seem alike to the uninformed person, the cellular and molecular structures of the two are wildly dissimilar. They are dealt with in separate ways and utilized in experiments in a different sense. Microbiologists and specialists devote their lives to the distinction and study of viruses and bacteria.

Bacteria in the Colon

Although we are born without bacteria in our colons, we quickly acquire bacteria through breast or bottle feeding. The bacteria in our colons provide many health benefits. Babies, for example, are not able to digest foods other than milk until they have a population of bacteria in their colons to aid in digestion.

In fact, most of the body’s ability to digest carbohydrates is directly related to the bacteria in your colon. In addition, bacteria also help your body absorb nutrients like biotin and vitamin K.

The “good” bacteria that exists naturally in your colon actually helped build your immune system when you were a child, and a healthy population of these bacterias help keep the growth of the “bad” bacteria in check.

However, when the “bad” bacteria start to outnumber the “good” bacteria is when we start seeing health problems. When you take an antibiotic for an infection, the infection-causing bacteria are killed, but so are the “good” bacteria. This can result in digestive upset and diarrhea.

Bacteria is also responsible for conditions like irritable bowel syndrome, colitis, and also for the more common gas and bloating some of us may experience after eating. A specific type of bacteria, Colon pylori, can cause a serious infection in the stomach, which leads to dyspepsia, gastritis, and can even cause ulcers. Colon cancer has also been linked to a disproportionate number of “bad” bacteria in the colon.

The best thing you can do is keep the population of “good” bacteria in your colon healthy, so you can avoid the discomfort and disease caused by “bad” bacteria.

Bacteria in Food

The first thing that comes to mind about bacteria is usually horror stories about E. coli or staphylococcus, but not all bacteria are bad–many are crucial to maintaining your health and even for survival. The bacteria that live in the human digestive tract, including E. coli, are necessary for proper digestion and overall health. You can think of the bacteria in your gut as an additional organ responsible for digestion, immune responses, and hindering the growth of harmful bacteria and other organisms.

When you get sick, the invading pathogens, along with the increased immune response, can diminish the population of beneficial bacteria. Antibiotics can have an even more devastating effect on the beneficial bacteria living in your digestive tract, since they have no way of distinguishing between “good” and “bad” bacteria. This is why you may have an upset stomach or diarrhea while taking antibiotics.

Your doctor will probably also tell you to eat yogurt while on an antibiotic. Yogurt contains acidophilus, one of the most active cultures in the intestine. You can also take acidophilus in powder, pill, or drink form, although yogurt is probably your best-tasting option.

The bacteria in yogurt actually prevent it from spoiling rapidly, and they are beneficial to the digestive tract. If you’re looking to add yogurt to your diet to promote a healthy population of beneficial bacteria in your gut, look for the yogurt labeled as containing “live and active cultures.” If it doesn’t have the label, it doesn’t have the bacteria you want.

Bacteria in the Intestines

Bacteria can be found living on and in the bodies of all animals, but are found in the highest concentrations in the gastrointestinal tract. Bacteria living in the intestines are referred to as enteric bacteria, and more commonly by the name “gut flora.”

For most people, the word “bacteria” is synonymous with “germ,” and that all types of bacteria cause disease. However, only some bacteria are harmful to humans. Others are beneficial or crucial to our bodies. For example, some bacteria keep the immune system alert and functioning, while others actually assist the immune system by attacking pathogenic bacteria inhabiting the same area of the body.

Bacteria in the gut help break down the food in your body so that it can be used more efficiently, and some bacteria release hormones and vitamins that are beneficial to the body.

There are also pathogenic bacteria, which are the ones that cause disease. Most often these diseases present as stomach upset and other acute gastric discomforts and short-term illnesses, but some bacteria have also been associated with longer term stomach diseases like IBS, colitis, gastritis, ulcers, and even stomach cancer.

Bacteria in the Lungs

Every time we inhale, we are susceptible to infection by the bacteria that cause pneumonia. Symptoms of this bacterial infection include restricted breathing, high fever, coughing, and chest pains, and is more common in young children and the elderly. If you think you may have an infection in your lungs, check for brown, green, or yellow mucus. If you have the above symptoms, ask your doctor about it. They can diagnose a bacterial infection by taking an X-ray.

Bacteria in the Mouth

A vast majority of the bacteria in your body exist in your gastrointestinal tract, they also live in other warm, moist, and enclosed parts of your body–like your mouth. But while most of the bacteria living in your gut are beneficial, almost all bacteria that live in the mouth are pathogenic and contribute to oral health problems.

Of all the types of bacteria that prefer to live in your mouth, some like to live on the skin on the insides of your cheeks, your tongue, and others on the surface of your gums. Still others will hide in gingival crevices, and some prefer to live on, between, or in the teeth.

If the bacteria in your mouth is allowed to grow unchecked, you may find out you have cavities at your next dental appointment. These bacteria love acids and sugars that are left on the surfaces of your teeth after you eat, and if you don’t remove them, will start to break down the surface enamel of your teeth, resulting in a cavity. Leaving a cavity untreated results in further erosion of the tooth.

Gum disease, or gingivitis, can also be caused by bacteria in your mouth. Practicing proper brushing habits, rinsing your mouth after you consume anything with sugar in it, and regularly rinsing your mouth with an antiseptic mouthwash can reduce the number of bacteria in your mouth and promote better oral health.

Bacteria in the Stomach

When you think of what’s in your stomach, bacteria probably isn’t the first thing to come to mind. Bacteria can survive your stomach acid and can be helpful in digesting your food and upper gastrointestinal tract health. Some bacteria are associated with obesity, meaning that the bacteria living in your stomach may be, in part, the reason why you have trouble gaining or losing weight. Of course, some types of bacteria in your stomach can also cause health problems.

These pathogenic bacteria, like Heliobacter pylori, cause gastritis, gastric ulcers, and stomach cancer. It’s thought that other stomach maladies, like irritable bowel syndrome and colitis may also have ties to bacteria living in the stomach.

Bacteria in the Vagina

The human body contains a number of different types of beneficial bacteria, the vast majority of which lives in the gastrointestinal system as well as in the vagina. Bacteria populations in the vagina are subject to a delicate balance in order to avoid infections and other complications.

Bacterial vaginosis is the result of an overgrowth of the bacteria that is normally present in the vagina. The infection is caused when lactobacilli are reduced, while anaerobic bacteria is increased. While it’s not clear exactly what causes these imbalances, there are a number of contributing factors.

Women that take antibiotics may find that a vaginal infection soon follows. Women with a number of sexual partners, or with a new sexual partner may find themselves experiencing the symptoms of a vaginal infection as well.

It is important for women to remember that their diet plays an important part in maintaining a healthy body, and should minimize sugar, alcohol, and processed foods to reduce the chances of getting a vaginal infection.

The most common symptoms of bacterial vaginosis are a thicker or more abundant than usual white discharge from the vagina, accompanied by an odor. The odor, often described as fishy, is more prevalent after sex, and the overgrowth of bacteria can also make sex uncomfortable. Women experiencing the above symptoms should consult a doctor, as this infection is often self-misdiagnosed as a yeast infection.

Bacteria in Water

Although all water has some form of bacteria in it, it is likely that the type or the level of the type will not harm you. However, there are some that can cause the human body many problems such as vomiting, diarrhea, hypervolemia or hypovolemic shock, and in some cases even death. The most common forms of harmful bacteria are coliform bacteria, E. Coli bacteria, and types of Salmonella.

Coliform Bacteria is simply waste. Water systems can be contaminated by human waste by faulty septic systems, cracked pipelines that leak sewage, storm run-off, mammal and/or bird waste directly into water systems and so on. Diseases such as cholera, typhoid fever, and Hepatitis A are all transmitted through fecal coliform.

Escherichia coli (E. coli for short) can cause infection. Water contaminated with E.coli, to the average adult, mainly just causes diarrhea. Small children, the elderly, and people with immunodeficiency problems should be careful because E. coli infection could cause death if the infection becomes prolonged. In extreme cases, hypovolemic shock can occur.

Salmonella is another type coliform closely related to the E. coli bacteria. There are many different strains of salmonella that can cause the disease Salmonellosis. It causes vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal cramps. Ingestion of the strain Salmonella typhi can cause typhoid fever. Typhoid fever causes prolonged fever, delirium, liver damage, and can cause death.

Bacteria in the Blood

Most bacteria are harmless to humans, and can even be beneficial (referred to as “probiotics”), but when introduced the bloodstream, normally a sterile environment, bacteria proves to be especially harmful. This condition, Bacteremia, can be very serious, and through the immune response to the bacteria can lead to sepsis, commonly referred to as “blood poisoning” and septic shock.

Common causes of Bacteremia include complications of infections such as pneumonia or meningitis, surgeries that involve any kind of mucous membrane, especially the gastrointestinal tract, and when any kind of foreign body enters the bloodstream, such as with the usage of intravenous drugs, or catheters. More recently, certain cosmetics have been recalled due to infections causing, among other illnesses, Bacteremia.

Bacteremia caused by less severe sources will usually show as a fever. If more severe symptoms are present, such as chills, rapid heart rate, rapid breathing, vomiting and diarrhea, sepsis is probable. Other symptoms can include general discomfort and abdominal pain, confusion, anxiety and shortness of breath.

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